Senior Fellow, C.D. Howe Institute
Senior Fellow, C.D. Howe Institute, Toronto.
Formerly: Chairman, Economic and Development Review Committee at the OECD, Paris (2009-2018); Member of the Executive Committee, and Economic Adviser and Head of the Monetary and Economic Department (MED), Bank of International Settlements (1994-2008); Bank of Canada (1972-1994): Deputy Governor (1988-1994), Adviser to the Governor (1984-1988), Deputy Chief and Chief of Research Department (1978-1984), Economist and Deputy Chief of Department of Banking and Financial Analysis (1972-1978); Economist, Bank of England (1969-1972).
A Member of the Board of Directors, The Canadian Ditchley Foundation.