Former Permanent Secretary in the Foreign Office, National Security Adviser and Ambassador to France.
Cross-bench Peer (2016-)
Formerly: Her Majesty's Diplomatic Service (1974-2016):
Ambassador to France (2012-2016); National Security Adviser (2010-12); Permanent Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) and Head of the Diplomatic Service (2006-10); UK Permanent Representative, UK Delegation to NATO (2003-06); Political Director, FCO (2001-03); Chairman, Joint Intelligence Committee, Cabinet Office (2000-01).
Non-Executive Director at Groupe Engie SA and at Getlink SA.
Author of Hard Choices: the making and unmaking of Global Britain, Atlantic Books 2022.
An Honorary Governor (2011-), The Ditchley Foundation.