Visiting Professor, Department of War Studies, King's College, London
Formerly: Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (1995-97), Defence (1992-95), Transport (1990-92), Scotland (1986-90); Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (1983-86).
Currrently: Visiting Professor, Department of War Studies, King's College, London; Distinguished Fellow, Royal United Services Institute; Chairman, Advisory Board, UK National Committee on China (UKNCC); Co-Chairman of Belvedere Polish-British Forum; Chairman, Commonwealth Veterans' Review Committee; Member of the Board of the Nuclear Threat Initiative; Vice President, Combat Stress; Member, Aspen Ministerial Forum (group of former Foreign Ministers founded by Madeleine Albright).
Formerly: Chairman of Committee of Inquiry into the future of the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London 2020-21; Member of OSCE Eminent Persons Panel on West's Relations with Russia over Ukraine; Member of the Eminent Persons Panel on the future of the Commonwealth; Co-Chairman of Trident Commission in 2011.
An Honorary Governor (2011-), The Ditchley Foundation.